ABCD Model for Writing Objectives
Well-written, measurable instructional/learning objectives are aligned with instructional goals, particularly in learner expectations, assessments, evaluations, and teaching strategies. The ABCD model is a guide for objective writing and ensures instructional goals are on point. Click on the link to a YouTube video on the ABCD model.
ABCD components and examples
- is for Audience — who the instruction is intended for:
- The student
- The pre-service teacher
- The customer service representative
- The electrician apprentice
- is for Behavior — the observable and measurable behavior the learner is expected to attain:
- Must be able to describe the stages of culture shock (cognitive domain)
- Should be able to assemble a widget (psychomotor domain)
- Will demonstrate a communication technique (affective domain)
- is for Condition — the context or situation in which the learning will occur:
- Given a set of electrician tools, a supply of electrical wire, and an outdated electrical system…
- Given a role-play situation simulating a classroom of unruly fifth graders…
- Using a list of commonly confused vocabulary and their meanings…
- Given a simulated computer hacking demonstration and lecture on computer security tactics…
- is for Degree — the extent or level of expected performance:
- Until a score of 80% is achieved.
- For a total of three times in a practice session.
- With no errors.
- In less than five minutes.
Look at the learning objective below and break it down using the ABCD model. Check your results with your partner/colleague.
Given an overview on learning objectives, the ABCD model, examples of well-written and poor learning statements, and additional resources on objectives, the workshop participant will be able to write learning objectives that meet the criteria of realistic, measurable, and observable.